Akihito Is Retiring

In this Aug. 15, 2018, file photo, Emperor Akihito, right, and Empress Michiko, attend a memorial service for the war dead at Nippon Budokan martial arts hall, in Tokyo. Japan's Emperor Akihito turns 85 on Sunday, Dec. 23, 2018, and will abdicate this spring.
In this Aug. 15, 2018, file photo, Emperor Akihito, right, and Empress Michiko, attend a memorial service for the war dead at Nippon Budokan martial arts hall, in Tokyo. Japan’s Emperor Akihito turns 85 on Sunday, Dec. 23, 2018, and will abdicate this spring.

TOKYO—Japan’s Emperor Akihito, marking his 85th birthday — his last before his upcoming abdication — said he feels relieved that his reign is coming to an end without having seen his country at war and that it is important to keep telling younger people about his nation’s wartime history.

“It gives my deep comfort that the Heisei era is coming to an end, free of war in Japan,” Akihito said at a news conference at the palace that was recorded this past week and released Sunday. “It is important not to forget that countless lives were lost in World War II and that the peace and prosperity of postwar Japan was built upon the numerous sacrifices and tireless efforts made by the Japanese people, and to pass on this history accurately to those born after the war.”

Akihito’s 30-year reign of the Heisei is the only era without war in Japan’s modern history. Praying for peace and making amends for a war fought in the name of his father, Hirohito, has become a career mission for Akihito, who succeeded the throne in 1989.

Akihito is set to abdicate on April 30, to be succeeded by his eldest son, Crown Prince Naruhito, on May 1. Sunday’s birthday celebration is Akihito’s last in his reign.

As emperor, Akihito has made unprecedented visits to the Philippines and other Pacific islands conquered by Japan early in World War II and devastated in fierce fighting as the U.S.-led allies took them back. Though Akihito has avoided a direct apology, he has subtly stepped up his expressions of regret in recent years in carefully scripted statements on the war.

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